Survey and Data about street children in India

New Delhi, July 18, 2019 : Street children, rag pickers, vagabond, runaways and orphans committing petty crimes for subsistence or begging in the country, fall within the category of “Children in Need of Care and Protection (CNCP)” and “Children in Conflict with Law (CCL)” as described in the Juvenile Justice (Care and Protection of Children) Act, 2015. The primary responsibility of execution of the JJ Act, 2015 lies with the State Governments. Ministry of Women and Child Development has not conducted any survey or maintained data of such children.

India, as a signatory to the United Nations Convention on the Rights of the Child (UNCRC), has committed itself to ensure that all children enjoy their right to survival, development, protection and participation. In pursuance of this the Ministry of Women and Child Development has adopted the National Policy for Children (NPC), 2013 on 26th April, 2013 which affirms the Government’s commitment to realization of the rights of all children in the country. It recognizes every person below the age of eighteen years as a child and that childhood is an integral part of life with a value of its own, and a long term, sustainable, multi-spectral, integrated and inclusive approach is necessary for the harmonious development and protection of children.

The Policy has identified survival, health, nutrition, education, development, protection and participation as the undeniable rights of every child, and has also declared these as key priority areas. Further the Ministry has also launched the National Plan of Action for Children, 2016 on 24.01.2017 in pursuance of the NPC, 2013 which is availableon the Ministry’s website:www.wcd.nic.in.

The details of children who have benefited under CPS during 2018-19 is given below:

Details of Child Care Institutions in the country along with number of children residing in these institutions under CPS as on 31.03.2019.

S.

No.

State/UTs Institutional Care [Homes] Open Shelters Specialised Adoption Agencies
No. Assisted Beneficiaries No. Assisted Beneficiaries No. Assisted Beneficiaries
1 Andhra Pradesh 66 2316 13 342 14 144
2 Arunachal Pradesh 4 76 0 0 1 9
3 Assam 37 1765 3 51 23 69
4 Bihar 26 1567 5 134 13 138
5 Chhattisgarh 65 2325 10 117 12 120
6 Goa 23 1188 3 378 2 16
7 Gujarat 45 1706 0 0 12 86
8 Haryana 24 1403 21 614 7 47
9 Himachal Pradesh 33 1227 3 38 1 11
10 Jammu and Kashmir 17 823 0 0 2 0
11 Jharkhand 36 992 5 141 15 93
12 Karnataka 80 2998 40 1153 25 107
13 Kerala 30 788 4 100 12 65
14 Madhya Pradesh 67 2804 8 348 26 243
15 Maharashtra 67 2605 3 86 13 136
16 Manipur 42 1160 14 296 7 55
17 Meghalaya 44 960 3 159 3 6
18 Mizoram 36 1195 0 0 5 50
19 Nagaland 39 477 3 35 4 5
20 Odisha 96 6859 12 244 23 223
21 Punjab 13 463 0 0 0 0
22 Rajasthan 85 2459 22 401 24 99
23 Sikkim 12 355 3 60 4 20
24 Tamil Nadu 189 11915 12 264 20 169
25 Tripura 23 717 2 58 6 49
26 Uttar Pradesh 77 3162 20 500 12 120
27 Uttarakhand 20 437 2 50 2 15
28 West Bengal 73 5436 49 1326 32 460
29 Telangana 42 1343 0 0 11 342
30 Andaman & Nicobar 3 101 0 0
31 Chandigarh 7 252 0 0 2 17
32 Dadra and Nagar Haveli 0 0 0
33 Daman and Diu 0 0 0 0
34 Lakshadweep 0 0 0
35 Delhi 28 1447 13 380 3 72
36 Puducherry 27 1043 2 42 2 16
  Total 1476 64364 275 7317 338 3002

This information was given by the Minister of Women and Child Development, Smriti Zubin Irani, in a written reply in the Rajya Sabha today.