Pavana River in Peril: Maharashtra Pollution Control Board Reveals Alarming BOD Levels

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Pimpri Chinchwad, 26th February 2024: In the period between November 2023 and January 2024, recent examinations conducted by the Maharashtra Pollution Control Board (MPCB) unveiled alarming levels of Biochemical Oxygen Demand (BOD) exceeding 30 mg/L. This discovery indicates a severe state of pollution, prompting the need for a reassessment of priority levels.

An official expressed concerns, highlighting the concerning decline in natural oxygen levels crucial for the breakdown of organic waste. With levels surpassing 30 mg/L, immediate attention is imperative for the overall health of the Pavana River. Particularly affected are stretches in Pimpri Gaon, Chinchwadgaon, Ravet, and Sangavi.

Comparing data from 2022, where Pimprigaon’s BOD ranged from 4.8 to 15.9 mg/L with a water quality index (WQI) above 60, to 2023, reveals a significant deterioration. BOD levels exceeded 20 mg/L, reaching 31 mg/L in December. Similar trends were observed in Chinchwadgaon, Ravet, and Sangavi, with escalating BOD levels.

The root causes of this escalating pollution lie in rapid urbanization and inadequate sewage treatment infrastructure, leading to the discharge of untreated sewage in Pune’s rivers. The Central Pollution Control Board (CPCB) consistently urges local authorities to expand sewage treatment plants (STPs) and improve treatment capacity. Unfortunately, delays and negligence have resulted in penalties against civic bodies.

Addressing this issue requires collective efforts to protect the Pavana River and other water bodies. It is crucial to invest in enhanced sewage treatment infrastructure and rigorously enforce pollution control measures to restore water quality, safeguard public health, and ensure environmental well-being.