Understanding COVID-19 Mutations and Their Impact on Human Health

Corona virus The story of Heist
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Shriniwas Jadhav
Pune, 31st December 2023: The term “mutation” has become a common buzzword during each wave of COVID-19, causing panic and confusion among the general public. However, it’s essential to recognize that mutation is a natural and frequent occurrence in various viruses, including the one responsible for COVID-19. Understanding the effects of virus mutation is crucial in assessing its efficiency and overall impact on human health.

In simple terms, mutation refers to a change in the genetic sequence of a virus. The diversity observed in living organisms is a direct result of mutation. This process can either enhance the virus’s danger level or weaken its impact. As COVID-19 traverses from one nation to another, it undergoes mutations, leading to the emergence of different variants. Importantly, the mutation process is continuous, and predicting its severity remains challenging.

The likelihood of mutation in any virus increases with its circulation. In essence, as the virus spreads across different regions, more changes are expected to occur.

Viruses exhibit varying rates of mutation—some mutate slowly, while others do so rapidly. The virus responsible for COVID-19, according to the World Health Organization (WHO), mutates at a relatively slow pace, and most changes have little to no impact on its properties.

Mutation plays a crucial role in helping viruses evade the immune response and develop resistance to vaccination. It is an integral part of the evolutionary process for viruses. As viruses continually change, understanding and monitoring these mutations become imperative for effective evaluation.

In conclusion, viruses are dynamic entities that undergo constant changes, and our understanding of these mutations is vital in developing strategies to combat their impact on human health.

(Shriniwas Jadhav has completed B.Pharma degree with first class from Appasaheb Birnale College of Pharmacy, Sangli (Shivaji University Kolhapur). He has experience of around 15 years in pharma marketing and pharma production.)