Large Number Of Vaccinations Needs To Be Done In A Short Period Of Time In Mission-Mode: NITI Aayog

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Mumbai/New Delhi, 15 December 2020: More than 94 lakh patients have recovered from COVID-19 in the country, while presently there are only about 3.4 lakhs active cases and it is declining further. More than 15.55 crore tests have been conducted to date, while the cumulative positivity rate is 6.37% and the average daily positivity rate during last week was 3.00% in the country. The recovery rate at 95.12% is amongst the highest in the world. India having 7178 cases per million population still figures among the lowest in the world. Even in terms of deaths that have occurred, India is amongst the lowest at 104 deaths per million population. In terms of case fatality rate also, India at 1.45% figures below the global average of 2.26%. This has been stated by Rajesh Bhushan, Union Health Secretary, in course of a media briefing on the action taken by the Government, preparedness, and updates on COVID-19, at the National Media Centre in New Delhi today.


The Health Secretary also informed that the five states having the highest average number of cases on a week-on-week basis are Kerala, Maharashtra, Rajasthan, West Bengal, and Delhi.


Briefing about the latest developments in plans and preparations for vaccination, the Health Secretary informed, all of the 36 states and UTs have concluded meetings of State Steering Committee as well as State Task Force. 633 districts have already concluded meetings of the District Task Force.  Further, 23 Union Ministries and Departments under the Centre & States have been identified and assigned roles with respect to planning, implementation, social mobilization, awareness generation etc., for the vaccine-roll out.


The Health Secretary informed that detailed instructions on Infection Prevention and Control Practices during vaccination have been issued in order to remain prepared to handle Adverse Events Following Immunization (AEFI) that may crop up post-vaccination. For this, states have been told to identify at least one AEFI Management Centre in each block. It can be a Primary Health Centre, Community Health Centre, District Hospital, private health facilities, or any other fixed health facility with medical officers and para-medical staff. AEFI reporting will be done through Co-WIN. Every session site will be linked to designated AEFI Management Centres, stated the Health Secretary.

The Health Secretary further informed:

  • Training modules for medical officers, vaccinator officers/alternative vaccinator officers, cold chain handlers, supervisors, data managers, ASHA coordinators etc. have been finalized.
  • Physical trainings as well as trainings on virtual/online platforms have started.
  • National and State Training of Trainers (ToTs) workshops have been completed.
  • Guidelines have been issued for the estimation of electrical and non-electrical cold chain equipment and their strengthening.
  • Guidelines have been issued for the management of cold chain at last cold chain points and session sites.
  • 29,000 cold chain points, 240 walk-in coolers, 70 walk-in freezers, 45,000 ice-lined refrigerators, 41,000 deep freezers, and 300 solar refrigerators will be used.

Speaking about AEFI, Dr. Paul said, apart from the importance being given at the Government level on tackling, saving, reporting, and taking action in such cases, the vaccine manufacturers conduct a Phase IV Clinical Trial or Post-Marketing Surveillance where they monitor and track the effects of the vaccine systematically after it has been passed. He further urged, “If a vaccine or two comes after obtaining Emergency Use Authorization, you should have complete faith on the fact that the vaccine is scientifically proven, matches global standards, safe and effective”.


Replying to a media query about AEFI for COVID-19 vaccine, Dr. Paul informed, “This is an adult vaccine. Our AEFI system was targeted to children and women and those vaccinations take place in a certain way, starting with hospitals and then into the communities. But when we deal with adults, certain practical aspects have to be tackled. Secondly, these vaccinations are in multiple new platforms that bring in complexity. Further, if a EUA is given, it calls for more responsibility. Lastly, there are always new aspects, side-effects, situations that have to be kept in mind. Above all, a large number of beneficiaries and target-groups are to be tackled over a short period of time in a mission-mode. Therefore, there is a need to build on the standard principles of AEFI and make it specific to the fuller dimension of the requirements of this particular set of vaccines”.


In reply to a media query on Drugs Controller General of India (DCGI) seeking more information from SII, Bharat Biotech, and Pfizer for grant of Emergency Use Authorization (EUA) to them, Health Secretary replied that this procedure will not negatively impact the time-line for roll-out of vaccine. Dr. Paul replied, “This situation was factored-in from before as it is EUA. There should be more than reasonable satisfaction about the safety, immunogenicity and effectiveness of the vaccine”.


In reply to a media query on reports of infections linked with COVID 19 that is leading to loss of eyesight, Dr. V.K. Paul said, while COVID-19 can be a mild disease by itself, it can be without any symptom or even be a serious disease with serious complications like this which have not occurred before.


In reply to another media query, Bhushan informed that State Governments have been allowed to form vaccination session sites even at units where the army or paramilitary is posted.


Looking at the present global scenario, Dr. V.K. Paul cautioned that a second or third peak may occur in India, though it is impossible to do a definite prediction. He urged everyone to remain careful, follow the preventive steps and not take the improved situation in India for granted. “An overwhelming proportion of our people, our citizens are still very very susceptible to this virus”, he said. He specially mentioned that Uttarakhand, Nagaland, and Himachal Pradesh have a high proportion of cases that needs to be controlled.