Pune Based Doctor Explains Why Heart Problems In Women May Surge Post-Menopause?

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Dr Nitin Gupte, Gynecologist, Apollo Spectra Pune

Pune, 20th May 2024: This article sheds light on why menopausal women are susceptible to heart problems. It is essential to prevent cardiac issues by going for timely screening and tests as suggested by the doctor. Women should take utmost care of their hearts by adhering to lifestyle choices such as eating a well-balanced diet, exercising daily, staying stress-free, and going for regular check-ups and follow-ups.

Menopause is the phase that signifies the end of a woman’s menstrual cycle as she fails to menstruate for at least a year. The symptoms of it are irregular periods, hot flashes, vaginal dryness, lack of sleep, weight gain, sore breasts, frequent urination, dry skin, fatigue, headache, depression, muscle pain, mood swings, and night-time sweating. According to various studies, post-menopausal women are also at a greater risk of heart problems. Heart problems in post-menopausal women will require prompt management without any delay.

Know why women have chances of suffering from heart problems after menopause: It is a known fact that post-menopausal women struggle with low estrogen levels which is necessary for maintaining heart health. Estrogen is known to regulate cholesterol levels and relax blood vessels, further reducing the chances of heart disease in women. Low estrogen levels can make one prone to heart problems and increase mortality and morbidity rates. Furthermore, a significant drop in the estrogen level invites worrisome conditions such as high blood pressure and an increase in LDL cholesterol that in turn cause heart problems. Menopause is known to induce weight gain and fat accumulation in the body by leading to cardiac issues. Decreased estrogen levels increase inflammation in the body, and damage blood vessels there is plaque build-up which again causes atherosclerosis which is the thickening or hardening of the arteries.

The last word: It is the need of the hour for post-menopausal women to take charge of their health and save hearts. One will be required to eat a nutritious diet consisting of fresh fruits, vegetables, whole grains, pulses, lentils, nuts, and beans. Ensure the right amount of salt intake by taking the guidance of an expert. Stay away from junk, oily, canned, sugary, processed foods. Cut down on smoking, alcohol, sweets, colas, sodas and caffeine. Exercise daily by doing various activities such as walking, cycling, weight training, yoga, swimming, aerobics, Zumba, or running. Consult an expert before undertaking any fitness regimen and it’s a strict no-no to go overboard. Try relaxation a technique such as meditation or deep-breathing exercises to de-stress and calm yourself down. Go for regular cardiac screening after every year post-menopause. Regular check-ups and follow-ups will help you monitor your heart health and seek timely attention in case of any abnormalities found. Women, stay vigilant and follow these vital tips to save your heart.