New Delhi, 29th June 2022: The Drug Controller General of India (DCGI) has approved the first indigenous mRNA vaccine of Corona which is developed in India for emergency use. Pune-based company Genova Biopharma has made this vaccine. It will be given to people of 18 years and above. This GEMCOVAC-19 vaccine is being seen as a gamechanger for the healthcare industry.
Along with this, the DCGI has also approved the Covovax Covid-19 vaccine made by the Serum Institute, which will be given to children between the age of 7 to 11 years.
Whereas the rest of the mRNA vaccine has to be kept at a temperature below zero, this vaccine of Genova can be kept at 2-8 °C. This will make it much easier to carry it. Genova CEO Dr Sanjay Singh informed that approval has been given to apply two doses of this vaccine. These doses will be administered at an interval of 28 days.
In the meeting of the Subject Expert Committee (SEC) on Friday, the emergency use of this mRNA vaccine was recommended to deal with the corona, which has now been approved by India’s drug regulator late on Tuesday night. Last month, Genova issued a statement regarding the Phase-3 trial of its vaccine. It was told that this vaccine has been tested on 4000 people during Phase-2 and Phase-3 trials.
According to the report of Mint, messenger RNA is a type of RNA that is necessary for the production of proteins in the body. mRNA sets the blueprint for how proteins are made inside cells. For this, it uses the information of genes. Once cells make proteins, they quickly break down mRNA. The mRNA of the vaccine does not penetrate the nucleus of the cells and does not alter the DNA.
Corona’s mRNA vaccine is also applied to the upper arm muscle like other common vaccines. It reaches inside and produces spike proteins in the cells. Spike proteins are also found on the surface of the coronavirus. In this way, when proteins are prepared in the body, our cells break down the mRNA and remove it. When spike proteins emerge on our cells, then our body’s immune system starts destroying them as an enemy. With this, the spike proteins of the coronavirus are also destroyed.